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Francis Marion/Swamp Fox Symposium
A work in progress: Plans for
 Francis Marion Symposium Oct 18-19, 2013

 Immerse yourself in Francis Marion's world and learn the significance of the Southern Campaign of the American Marion in miniature on our pinRevolution.

Site: FE DuBose Campus of  Central Carolina Technical College, I-95, Exit 122, ½ mi E on US 521, Manning, SC.


        This is what you missed at some past Francis Marion Symposia 2007-2003:


 The best one yet:  October 19-20, 2007: 5th Francis Marion Symposium, Manning, SC
 Fifth Annual Francis Marion Symposium  - 2007                                      by Chris Swager for SCAR
      The fifth Gen. Francis Marion Seminar, held on October 19 and 20, 2007 in Manning, SC, pulled off another all-star performance giving the public interesting scholarship and demonstrations. SCAR author, Scott Withrow, presented his paper on the myths and realities of Francis Marion in the 1761 Cherokee campaign which paper will be published in SCAR. The Friday program ended with information about the marsh tacky horses and included a trip to Silver Lakes Plantation to see them work.
Eric Nason, dressed in period clothing and taking on the persona of Col. Peter Horry, presented an engaging presentation on Gen. Francis Marion’s most trusted lieutenant. In addition to being a major player in the Southern Campaigns from the beginning of the war through the end, Horry became a general of the SC militia after the war, a member of the SC General Assembly, and namesake of one of South Carolina’s 46 counties. Interestingly at the end of the war, Horry was in a political controversy with his peer, Col. Hesikiah Maham. Eric later demonstrated the difference between 18th Century rifles and muskets, the British and American musket drill and some of the usage of edged weapons of the period.
Daniel J. Tortora, a Ph.D. student at Duke University, presented an excellent paper on religion in South Carolina during the Revolutionary War wherein he looked at the experiences of Anglicans, Baptists and Presbyterians. He chronicled early Patriot efforts to secure the support of Anglican clergymen and backcountry Baptists and Presbyterians. He covered the Drayton-Hart-Tennent political mission to the South Carolina backcountry that attempted to sway those residents to join in the rebellion. He traced the constitutional movement to disestablish the Anglican Church and showed how Patriots incorporated religious freedom into the 1778 state constitution. In addition, he described the wartime struggles and divisions of clergy and congregations and detailed the deprivations of South Carolina churches. Religious life was deeply shaken. At war's end, he argued, the Episcopal Church struggled, the Presbyterians slowly rebuilt and the Baptist church united and thrived under the leadership of Revs. Richard Furman and Edmund Botsford as many new churches were constituted.
      Storyteller and author Christine Swager entertained the attendees by telling about Gen. Marion’s life after the September 1781 Battle of Eutaw Springs.
Retired history professor, Joseph Taylor Stukes, gave a dramatic interpretation of SC General Assembly member, Francis Marion, and USC - Sumter history professor, Thomas Powers, replied as US General Thomas Sumter explains his positionCongressman Thomas Sumter. Both focused on their subject’s post-war political careers. Dr. Powers did an hour in costume as Thomas Sumter and he was magnificent! Dr. Stukes performed for an hour as Francis Marion in his old age wondering how history would record the events of the war - spellbinding. Joe and Tom did an impromptu presentation for the dinner. Marion was on his porch in 1794 when Thomas Sumter, on his way to Charleston, stopped by. The conversation was sharp with Marion prodding Sumter, giving him an opportunity to talk about the war, their mutual disappointment and disgust at the failed 1779 allied Siege of Savannah, the noted personages Sumter had met in Washington, his increasing distrust of the Federalists, and his vision for South Carolina when the canal will allow traffic by water from Charlotte to Charleston.
George Summers announced that the Harvin Foundation will donate $5,000.00 for a living history event at Bob Cooper Park in February 2008 to sponsor every third grader in Clarendon County, SC for a day visiting with colonial era gunsmiths, weavers, tanners, candlemakers, etc. This program is patterned after an Over Mountain Victory Trail event at the Mineral Museum in NC where they bus children in from as far as Charlotte for the day. Chris and Robert Swager, Carole and George Summers, Dickie and Lulie Felder, and some Jack's Creek militia reenactors attended this event in 2007 and decided they needed to provide that opportunity for their local Clarendon County, SC kids. So lots of efforts to 'push back the frontiers of ignorance' succeeded in executing this project.


Report  from the 5th Francis Marion Symposium
  October 19-20, 2007,  Central Carolina Technical College Manning, SC
  by Dr. Anthony J. Beninati, Valencia Community College, Orlando, FL
Marion is at the Francis Marion Symposium
     This annual event focuses on the life of General Francis Marion, better known as “The Swamp Fox”, and the role of South Carolina in the American Revolution.  
     Few scholars realize that South Carolina suffered through more battles (63 major encounters with the British and their allies) than all of the other states combined (New York followed with 11).  Once the British abandoned their “New England Strategy” to divide the Northeast following the defeat of General Burgoyne and the capture of his army at Saratoga, NY in October, 1777, few major battles occurred in the North. The last significant encounter took place at Monmouth Courthouse, NJ in 1778.
     In the following year (1779), Britain successfully launched a “Southern Campaign”, quickly taking Savannah, Georgia and then Charleston, South Carolina in 1780.  The English strategy counted on their superior naval power to bombard Southern port cities as well as the allegiance of many local Tories, Americans who sympathized with Mother England due to their trade ties and property interests.  Absent from their calculations was the cunning home-grown military prowess and anti-British fervor of Patriots such as Francis Marion, William, Horry, Thomas Sumter, and many others, especially backwoods Scots-Irish who took up arms against the invaders and their local allies. Marion would become known as "the greatest guerilla fighter of the American Revolution" during what is called the “Civil War” phase of the Revolution, an era depicted in the film The Patriot, starring Mel Gibson.                        Photo by Barinowski

    The conference began with a warm welcome from symposium organizer George Summers, founder of the Swamp Fox Murals Trail Society.  He introduced key patrons of the conference and recommended a car tour of the Francis Marion murals on the various public buildings in Clarendon County.

     Scott Withrow (“Marion among the Cherokees: Myths and Realities”), a semi-retired educator and part-time ranger at Cowpens National Battlefield (site of a key American victory against the British in January, 1781), examined the role of Native Americans in the Revolutionary War in the Carolinas.  The war bitterly divided Native Americans across the continent as they resisted colonial intrusions into their homelands but also established close ties to Americans through trade and intermarriage.   The northern Iroquois League divided internally when all groups except the Oneida and Tuscarora supported the English, who in 1763 had issued a proclamation prohibited further colonial settlement west of the Allegheny-Appalachian range. Symposium attendees were thrilled to see and touch the Marsh Tackies When the British and their Seneca and Mohawk allies suffered defeat at Saratoga by the Patriots, the Oneida, and the Tuscarora, the Iroquois League suffered from internal disunity.  A similar situation occurred in the Carolinas as the largest groups there – especially the Cherokees – predominately attempted to remain neutral or aligned with the British but had factions that joined the Patriots.  The Sioux-speaking Catawba, traditional enemies of the Cherokee, joined with Francis Marion to fight the British, providing important service as scouts in the inland river areas (“Catawba” is often translated as “River People”).  The session thus explored the many dimensions of the difficult position of Native Americans in what became the United States.
  Photo by Westfall
     The second session on Friday afternoon focused on the role of colonial horses in the fighting of the Southern campaign. ln the session "The Marsh Tacky Horse: History on the Hoof", Ms. Jeannette Beranger, Research and Technical Programs Manager of the American Livestock Breeds Conservancy (ALBC), explored the role of the once-common "Marsh Tacky" breed of horses in the American Revolution, particularly among the partisan South Carolina forces. DNA testing reveals that the Marsh Tacky is a descendant of Spanish colonial horses. By the late 1800s, Tackles likely were found as far north as MyrtleSymposium attendees at Silver Lakes  Plantation Trophy Room. Beach, SC and as far south as St. Simons Island, GA. Significantly smaller (13.5 to 15 hands high) than Arab or Quarter Horses, the five-foot tall Tackles were reliable and good-natured work horses of the Carolina colonists. Breeders consider the modern- day Tacky a steady mount ideal for the wetlands and forests of the region. They do not panic in mud and water unlike the "blood horses" that the British imported for many of their officers. While they had a bulkier body, their long yet narrow chest efficiently functioned to release heat and increased their endurance in the sultry Carolina climate. Marion and his guerrilla warriors saw this horse as providing a distinct advantage over the more skittish and less heat-tolerant mounts of the Redcoat officers.
     The evening concluded with a reception at the Silver Lakes Plantation in nearby Paxville, SC where hosts Don and Annamarie Marshall provided symposium participants with an opportunity to see the Marsh Tackies up close. Breeders Janson Cox of the Dragoon Horse Farm and David Grant, an avid horseman, hunter, and colonial era history enthusiast, demonstrated the breed’s ability to travel the backcountry and swamps of the region.        Photo by Westfall
     The Saturday session began as Erick Nason gave a "Living History" presentation on patriot Peter Horry. ln full white "home-spun cotton" militia-garb (unlike the stereotypical woolen blue and red uniforms), "Horry" related episodes in his activities along with trusted friend Francis Marion in the Revolutionary period. He reported on both the difficulties and successes of their campaigns against the British and their local Tory allies. "Horry" also Francis Marion's friend, Peter Horry visited the symposium to talk about Marion demonstrated the use of the colonial musket and differentiated it from the more sophisticated but less-preferred rifle as a military firearm. Likewise, his al|-leather helmet provided much more practical service (even as a bowl or water ladle) than a "tri-cornered hat"! And he confided that his problem of stuttering or "buck fever" sometimes inhibited his shouting of commands at critical times but never impeded his physical leading of men into a forward charge.
     In "The Alarm of War: Religion and the American Revolution in South Carolina, 1774-1783", Duke University doctoral candidate Daniel J. Tortora assessed how issues of faith caused rifts during the war.  The Anglican (Episcopalian) Church, the "established" official Church of England headed by the King, accounted for approximately 75% of the church membership of the Carolinas. Congregationalist Presbyterians and Baptists composed about 15% of the general population but comprised a much larger percentage of the inhabitants of the backcountry and more ardently supported the Patriot cause. Nevertheless, the official Anglican Church in the Carolinas suffered sharp division among its clergy and membership as many of them offered support for  the rebels. Resistance to the "taxes" of the official church often prodded Americans to defect to the patriot side as much as did parliamentary levies!   Photo by Westfall
     Dr. Christine R. Swager, a retired professor of education, storyteller, and author of several notable books on the American Revolution, provided a comprehensive analysis of Marion’s later activities in her presentation "Marion after Eutaw Springs", a major battle that earned a Congressional Medal for the "Swamp Fox". She recounted his struggles with subordinates and colleagues, his retirement to civilian life, his marriage in his 50s, and his success as a planter and member of the legislature prior to his death in 1795.
     Dr. Thomas Powers, Professor of History at the University of South Carolina, presented a "living history" vignette of the life of “General Thomas Sumter - the Gamecock”, a Carolina veteran of the battlefield and member of the first Congress of the United States in 1789. "Sumter" discussed his ideological struggles as an adherent of "states' rights" as they existed under the Articles of Confederation with his role as a member of the U.S. Congress under the Federalist Constitution. He also explained how this led to a rift between him, Continental General Nathaneal Greene, and Francis Marion due to conflicting lines of military authority between State of South Carolina forces and the congressional Continental Army. Sometimes derided as not being "a team player", “Sumter" argued that the "weathercock" wavering leadership of Governor John Rutledge often left him in an ambiguous military role when the Governor changed his mind about the nature of Sumter’s command of the Carolina forces.
     The personal appearance of the Swamp Fox himself, General Francis Marion, played by Dr. Joseph Taylor Stukes, retired Professor and Dean at Erskine College and Francis Marion College, touched the heartstrings of the audience. "Marion" recounted his trials and tribulations in service to the Revolution from the perspective of his retirement after the war. Proud that he followed the "rules of engagement", “Marion” noted that his men never looted and that he always observed terms of parole imposed on fellow Patriots released by the British. He fondly examined how South Carolinians rather than the Continental Army "won the war."
     The Dinner Theater opened with the talented pianist, Norvelle Walker, playing the Richardson Waltz, which is now the SC State waltz and Bea Rivers and Tommy Brown dancing the waltz.
     Following the dinner featuring dishes such as Mary Esther Videau Cordon Bleu and Spy Nancy Morgan Hart Corn Pudding, Thomas Sumter (Dr. Powers) stopped by to visit Francis Marion (Dr. Stukes). The audience was treated to a dynamic exchange as the two relived their roles in the Southern Campaign.
Sponsors 2007:
 Bank of Clarendon in Manning; Jim & Nell Black of Manning; Black Sheep Promotions, Stephanie & Jeffrey Black of Manning; Citizens Bank of Turbeville; DuBose Campus, Central Carolina Technical College of Manning; Donald L. Ellis, CPA of Manning;  FTC of Kingstree;  Manning IGA, Lamar Kennedy of Manning; Don & Anna Marie Marshall of Silver Lakes Plantation;  NBSC, Bobby Pierce of Manning;    Prothro Chevrolet Co., Inc, Lannes Prothro of Manning;  Santee Electric, Benton Blakely of Kingstree, SC; SEM Works, Jim Black of Greensboro, NC; George & Carole Summers of Manning, SC.

You missed the very best to date: “Marion and the War in South Carolina” 

Friday, October 19, 2007
  Clarendon County Archives & History Center, Manning, has displays open to you today for their 10th Anniversary.
     Scott Withrow:  Francis Marion Among the Cherokee: Myths and Realities 
     J. Beranger & Marsh Tacky owners:  The Marsh Tacky Horse: History on the Hoof
    Jeannette Beranger, The Marsh Tacky Owners and their horses
   Reception with the Marsh Tacky (to demonstrate their qualities for riding the backcountry and swamps 225 years ago): Silver Lakes Plantation 
 Saturday, October 20, 2007  Revised 10-20-07
      Erick Nason: Peter Horry, Marion’s most trusted Confident.
   Daniel J. Tortora: "The Alarm of War": Religion and  the American Revolution in South Carolina, 1774-1783
   Peter Horry demonstrates the Manuel to Arms
   Discussions and Catered Lunch
  Christine Swager:  Marion after Eutaw Springs
    Joe Stukes as General Francis Marion and T. Powers as General Thomas Sumter
  Displays and Book Signings
    Dinner Theater: An Evening in Revolutionary War History When Marion and Sumter Converse;
    as well as The Richardson Waltz (State Waltz of South Carolina) will be played and waltzed to.

   This was the 5th Francis Marion Symposium October 19-20, 2007
     The Marsh Tacky: South Carolina Farmer Magazine provides background about the Marsh Tacky.
      Recent DNA testing shows the marsh tacky is a descendant of Spanish colonial horses. By the late 1800s, tackies were reported to have been found in the area as far north as Myrtle Beach and as far south as St. Simons Island, Ga.
      Tackies were found all over St. Helena, Daufuskie and Hilton Head islands up through the 1950’s.  The little horses -- which stand about 5 feet tall and are known for their sure-footedness, their gentle dispositions and their ability to remain calm in the water -- were used for transporting goods, plowing and providing private transportation for children and adults. 
      Tackies more than 50 years ago were on Hilton Head Island and brought over on a ferry.  Tackies began disappearing after people stopped farming on the islands; and when the bridge to Hilton Head Island was built in the 1950s. Tackies have a good temperament, long manes, tails that drag to the ground and hips that turn straight down instead of rounded like quarter horses. Also, the horse is easy to break in for riding.
     Francis Marion’s militia probably would have ridden the marsh tacky over 230 years ago and Tarleton's men did too.

                4th Francis Marion Symposium October 27-28, 2006

     Francis Marion Symposium commemorates the 225th anniversary for the Rev. War campaigns in the South.

      “1781, The War Changes, Victory in the South.”
     October 27 and 28, 2006 - a unique opportunity to immerse yourself in Revolutionary War History. 
Let the American Revolution come alive and be real for you as it approached its crescendo in South Carolina in 1781.  Ride where Marion rode on the Old River Road.  See the battle sites.  Make friends and meet researchers and authors as they tell and act out the extraordinary story of the Revolutionary War.  South Carolina is arguably the richest of all treasure troves of Revolutionary War History.  We are just beginning to push back the curtain and understand the magnificent courage and character of our early ancestors.  A refreshing, wonderful experience you'll treasure for a long time.

Dr Swager explains the Southern Campaign Friday, Oct 27, 2006

Christine Swager: Set the Stage with the Southern Campaign


Photo by GP Summers

Cannon Crew at the Reception Vernon Tanner: The American Indian Participation  

The Jack's Creek Militia and their cannon at
the Reception at Silver Lakes Plantation Trophy Room

Photo by Brian Jarvis of The Manning Times

Saturday, Oct 28, 2006

Pat O’Kelley: The Bridges Campaign of 1781, Watson / Marion

View of Wyboo Battle site by the lake today
Depart for tour: Notable Marion Revolutionary War Sites:
First stop: Battle of Wyboo Swamp Site
George & Patrick set the scene.

Photo by Brian Jarvis of The Manning Times

Lunch: Church of the Epiphany

Nicki Sackrison:   The Non-traditional 18th Century Woman
Daniel J. Bell: A Distant Memory of Heroes: Burial Sites: Hayne / Marion
Karen MacNutt:   Marion, the Man  

 General Marion and Oscar Reminisce  Linzy & Karen Washington              An evening in history:
  Joe T. Stukes and Linzy Washington:
  “Gen. Francis Marion and
Oscar Marion Reminisce ” 
   Peter Horry Wild Boar Pork
   Eutaw Springs Sweet Potato
   Baby Banastre Butter Beans
   Squash Ferguson
   Green Dragoon Salad
   Sumter Biscuits 
   Pound Watson Cake
          & Wild Marion Berries
   Ox Swamp Tea,  Jack’s Creek
         Water,  Black Hole Coffee

Brian Jarvis of The Manning Times

Inclusions: All Presentations Friday & Saturday - Friday: Presentations, Reception, including heavy Hors D’oeuvres  -
 Saturday:  Breakfast snacks - Saturday:  Presentations and lunch  - Saturday:  Dinner Theater

  Site Location:
Central Carolina Technical College, FE DuBose Campus, Manning, SC.
 This is on US 521, 1 mile east of I-95, exit 122. Manning, SC 29102
See Francis Marion related items for sale.   
   Participate with your attendance!!
                                             Francis Marion Symposium,  Mr. C. Hester, Treasurer
                                             PO Box 667,    Manning, SC 29102
                  Questions:  George Summers 803-478-2645
                  Latest Info & Details at

 You should have been here: 4th  Francis Marion Symposium  October 27-28, 2006
 This symposium celebrates the 225th anniversary of Francis Marion in the 1781 SC campaigns.
  January 25, 1781 Marion at Georgetown with Lee
  January 29, 1781 Raided Moncks Corner & Congaree
  February 27, 1781  First Battle of Fort Watson defeat of Thomas Sumter
  March 6-28, 1781 Bridges Campaign:
at Wiboo Swamp, Mount Hope Swamp, Lower Bridge of the Black River, Snows Island and Sampit Bridge.
  April 16-23, 1781 Marion and Lee  Siege of Fort Watson, Fort fell with Maham Tower, Scot's Lake, Santee River
  May 6, 1781 Marion and Lee at Fort Motte
  May 28, 1781 Georgetown
  June 6, 1781 British evacuate Georgetown
  July 8, 1781 Moncks Corner & Orangeburg
  July 17, 1781 Marion and Lee at Quinby Bridge & Shubrick’s Plantation
  August 4, 1781 Col. Isaac Hayne is hanged in Charleston
  August 13, 1781 Marion ambushes Fraser and his Loyal SC Dragoons at Parker's Ferry Causeway
  Sept. 8, 1781 Battle of Eutaw Springs on Santee River
  Sept. 20, 1781 Port’s Ferry on Pee Dee River
  October 19, 1781 Cornwallis surrendered at Yorktown
  Nov. 9, 1781 Marion learns of Cornwallis surrendered
  Nov. 10, 1781 Celebration party at John Cantey’s: “a fine party for the ladies of Santee”
Drum and Fifes at 3rd Francis Marion Symposium

Drum and fifes (Ray Moran, Garland Hart and Dan Culpepper) 
at Francis Marion Symposium 2005 were a big hit. 
Photo provided by The Item.
Videos Available: (2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2010, 2011, 2012)

 Trevor Tollison and the Francis Marion Symposium
By Sandi Chaney, The Item  

     One of the best things about the symposium, nine years old Trevor Tollison said, was that he learned about battle strategies Marion used. “I learned that Francis Marion would attack on three sides instead of four,” he said, “because if they attacked on four, the British would probably be more determined to fight.  And Marion didn’t have many men, which would make the greater risk, so by leaving one side open, he would actually give the enemy an opportunity to escape.”

          Trevor’s favorite part of the symposium was the film, “Chasing the Swamp Fox,” shown on Friday evening.  The film, which was created by two young filmmakers for South Carolina’s ETV, used a great deal of footage shot in Clarendon County last summer.  Fort Watson, the Richardson Cemetery, Mt. Hope Swamp, and Half Way Swamp were some of the local sites featured in the film.

          For that reason, Trevor enjoyed the bus tour, especially when they saw Half Way Swamp.   He admitted, however, that he didn’t actually see all the sites visited on the bus tour.  “The bus tour was good, but I fell asleep after lunch, after we saw the Half Way Swamp,” he said.  “The seats were so comfortable, and I ate a lot of food.”

          He also enjoyed the fife and drum performance during Friday evening’s reception at the historic Land Law Offices building.  Trevor took the opportunity to talk to drummer Ray Moran and fifers Garland Hart, and Dan Culpepper, who were delighted to have such a charming and eager young fan.

         Trevor’s third grade class, with teacher Kay Prothro, recently studied about South Carolina’s role in the Revolutionary War and Francis Marion’s importance, which sparked his interest in that part of history.   Trevor even saved his students’ weekly South Carolina newsletter on the subject because “I knew it would be important some day.” 
When his parents, Steve and Beverly Tollison, showed him the article in The Item about the symposium, he immediately asked if they could go. 

         Trevor did not attend all the presentations.  Steve, a physician with the Palmetto Women’s HealthCare, and Beverly brought him to the activities they thought he would most enjoy, such as the bus tour, the movie, and the musicians’ performance.   They did not bring him to the dinner theater on Saturday night, because he had had quite a full day already, and they did not know whether the event would be age-appropriate. 

            “I really liked the dinner and the impersonation of  (South Carolina’s first Gov. John) Rutledge,” said Beverly.  “I didn’t really know that much about him, and Dr. Stukes just brought him to life.  And the food was excellent.  I think Trevor would have enjoyed it.”
      Trevor is already making plans to attend next year, and they hope to invite some classmates and friends who he thinks would enjoy it as well. “We were very lucky to go there,” he said emphatically. 

     For a special school project assignment, Trevor is now planning to do a report on “the life of Francis Marion, or some of his battles, or maybe both,” accompanied perhaps by a model of a battle, and he’s busy researching now.  At nine years old, he is already a frequent visitor to the Harvin Clarendon Library and the Clarendon County Archives. 

Questions:  Francis Marion Symposium
        PO Box 667         Manning, SC 29102
803-478-2645 Or  E-mail 

Did you miss this?
March 11 and 12, 2005 was a unique opportunity to immerse yourself in Revolutionary War History. 
Let the American Revolution come alive and be real for you as it approached its crescendo in South Carolina in 1780.  Ride where Marion and Sumter rode on the Kings Highway.  See the battle sites. Tthe archaeological expert will talk & display the newest 2004 discoveries. Get inside the brilliant mind of SC Governor John Rutledge as he coordinated partisan bands and bonded with General Nathaniel Green.  Make friends and meet researchers and authors as they tell and act out the extraordinary story of the Revolutionary War.   South Carolina is arguably the richest of all treasure troves of Revolutionary War History.  We are just beginning to push back the curtain and understand the magnificent courage and character of our early ancestors.    A refreshing, wonderful experience you'll treasure for a long time. 
      3rd Francis Marion Symposium  March 11-12, 2005

        Frank Stovall - Musgrove's Mill: Aug 18, 1780: Elijah Clark & Isaac Shelby vs Patrick Ferguson
        Scott Withrow - Kings Mt.: Oct 7, 1780:  Maj. Patrick Ferguson meets his end 
        Reception @  Historic Land CourtYard, Manning, SC & Moran  & Fifer Culpepper - Military commands w/ music
        Val Green - Catawba Path/Lawson's in this area 
        Doug Crutchfield - Marion & his Militia
        Dr. Christine Swager - Marion Battle/ Engagement sites to be visited
      Tour  ( The sites of Sumter's home, Battle of Great Savannah, Richbourg's Mill, Jack's Creek, Ox Swamp,      
                  Richardson Cemetery, Half Way Swamp
  and others may be part of the tour.
        Steve Smith - On-going research & findings at Fort Motte
        Dinner Theater -  An evening in history with  “John Rutledge” Get inside the brilliant mind of SC Governor John Rutledge as he coordinated partisan bands and bonded with General Nathaniel Green.

   Inclusions: All Presentations - Friday – Reception, including heavy Hors D’oeuvres
        - Saturday - Breakfast snacks - Saturday - Bus tour with lunch - Saturday - Dinner Theater
  Presentations @ Days Inn, I-95, Exit 115 & US 301:  5973 Alex Harvin Hwy., Manning, SC 29102
  Meals, tour guides, lectures, displays, bus transportation, all included, 
  discounts for couples & early registrations. 
  3rd FRANCIS MARION SYMPOSIUM, March 11-12, 2005 was at the Days Inn of Manning, I-95, Exit 115 & US 301

Experts: Dr. Joe Stukes, Dr. Christine Swager, Dr. Tom Powers, Val Green (Catawba/Santee Path), Frank Stovall (Musgrove Mill), Scott Withrow (Kings Mt), Doug Crutchfield, Steve Smith (Fort Motte), Ray Moran & Fifer Dan Culpepper (Drum & fife Military commands to the troops). The sites of Battle of Great Savannah, Richbourg's Mill, Jack's Creek, Ox Swamp, Richardson Cemetery, Half Way Swamp and others may be part of the tour. We will visit the area of Sumter's home where Marion freed the Maryland prisoners following Gates defeat at Camden.
Walk the sites where Marion was most effective in the Santee 

Some of the 1780 campaigns:
  Mar 7 – May 12, 1780:  Siege of Charleston
  August 1780:  Battle of Camden
  August 18, 1780: Battle of Musgrove Mill
  Aug 20-24, 1780:  Battle of Great Savannah or Nelson's Ferry
  Oct 7, 1780:  Battle of Kings Mt.
  Oct 25, 1780:  Battle of Tearcoat
  Nov 7-8, 1780:  Confrontation at Richbourg's Mill & Chase to Ox Swamp
  Nov 1780:  Richardson Cemetery & Tarleton
  Dec 12-17, 1780: Battle of Half Way Swamp

Francis Marion Symposium II - March 26-27, 2004
Videos or DVDs Available (2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008  2010):
Call 803-478-2645 or email: 
Athena shows what Marion's camp could have been.
                                                   Francis Marion Symposium II General Francis Marion  Swamp Fox  American Revolutionary War 
Look what you missed:
"Marion & Light Horse Harry Lee & their Campaigns"
FMS II - 26 - 27 March 2004
Location: Central Carolina Technical College, FE DuBose Campus, Manning, SC.
 This is on US 521, 1 mile east of I-95, exit 122.

 -Presentations and a tour to the sites of Forts Watson and Motte
- Dinner theater of Marion, Lee and Motte

  Francis Marion Symposium II (March 26-27, 2004)
 "Marion & Light Horse Harry Lee & their Campaigns"
Site: Central Carolina Technical College, FE DuBose Campus, Manning, SC.
George Fields – Gen Marion, Fox in the Swamps & on High Grounds
Joe Stukes – Henry Laurens
Herb Puckett – Francis Marion, The Regular
Tour including Luther Wannamaker at Ft Motte
Christine Swager – Eutaw Springs
Dinner Theater: Francis Marion, Light Horse Harry Lee & Rebecca Motte
Discuss the War (Joe Stukes, Howard Burnham, Athena Westeren)

Francis Marion Symposium,  PO Box 667, Manning, SC 29102
803-478-2645 / FAX: 803-478-2645,      Visit the Swamp Fox Murals Trail. ©2002

Gen. Francis Marion played a major role in the American Revolution.
Many of these engagements took place in the Clarendon County area.
According to Professor Henry Lumpkin about a third of all battles were fought in S.C.
and Marion had a hand in roughly a third of those. 
 During this symposium we want to explore the man, 
the tactics and the effect he had on the overall war effort.

Francis Marion Symposium II: Presenters: Howard Burnham, George Fields, Herbert Puckett,
 Joe Taylor Stukes, Christine Swager, Luther Wannamaker, Athena Westeren

Santee Indian Mound and site of Ft Watson Francis Marion Symposium foxes on the set

Look what you missed:

We explore General Francis Marion, his tactics & Militia
and the effect the Swamp Fox had on the American Revolutionary War.
Francis Marion Symposium II
Including Swamp Fox Murals Trail ©2002
March 26-27, 2004

Francis Marion Symposium I  -  April 25-27, 2003
Videos Available:
  Call 803-478-2645 or 

Great success at the 1st Symposium:
Francis Marion Symposium Marion Tarleton Dinner Theater Presentation
Marion and Tarleton discuss their lives and battles. 

Look what you missed:  Francis Marion Symposium I   April 25-27, 2003
Videos Available, $15 for 1 year or 2 years for $25:
Call 803-478-2645 or email:

 Francis Marion Symposium I  (2003)  Agenda:
Site: Central Carolina Technical College, FE DuBose Campus, Manning, SC
April 25, 2003
Lauren Pogue: "Francis Marion: The Man & The Myth" Senior honors candidate, University of North Carolina   
John Robertson: "Mapping Historical Sites" Published, expertise in the location and mapping of historical locations  
Scott Withrow: "Francis Marion Among the Cherokee" High school and college history instructor, historic interpreter and a Curator at Roper Center
  Dr. Christine Swager: "Francis Marion: Stranger Than Fiction" Retired USC Professor, Author of three books on Marion and the Revolutionary War
April 26, 2003
Maj. (Ret.) Herb Pucket: "Marion and the 2nd SC" Sgt. Major in 2nd South Carolina, Marion’s Brigade  
Steve Smith: "Marion's Snow Island Encampment" Historic archaeological professional, SCIAA, projects with the National Park Service and Palmetto Foundation 
  Dr. John Frierson: "Marion Order Books 1781-1782" Retired History Professor with specialty in Revolutionary and Colonial Period
Ross St. George: "Irregular Warfare: Greene vs. Cornwallis" Ph.D. candidate in History, University of North Carolina, Wilmington  
  Christopher T. George: "Lt. Col. John Eager Howard & Maryland Line" Author, Independent Historian and Freelance Writer  
Dinner Theater:
Dr. Joe Taylor Stukes as Gen. Francis Marion: Retired History Professor, Historic Tour Director, Impersonator of Historic Personalities
Howard Burnham as Lt. Col. 'Ban' Tarleton:  British Professional actor and Historic Impersonator
Marion and Tarleton discuss their lives and battles.

Francis Marion Symposium entry and snaps of presenters
Presenters Herb Puckett, John Frierson & Chris George in action

Francis Marion Symposium offered two fine bus tours of engagement sites and chases Francis Marion Tomb visited on one of the Symposium tours.
Great bus tour group.

Marion and Tarleton discuss their lives and battles Dinner Theater:
Dr. Joe Taylor Stukes as Gen. Francis Marion
Howard Burnham as Lt. Col. 'Ban' Tarleton
Francis Marion Symposium presented Marion and Tarleton at their best

Photos from Bruce Kriebel & George Summers

Presenters Lauren Pogue, John Robertson & Chris Swager in action.

  Look What You Missed     March 11-12, 2005
   3rd Francis Marion/Swamp Fox Symposium/Swamposium
  “1780, The War is Changing, No Southern Hospitality for the British”

  225th Anniversary of SC 1780 Campaigns   Manning/Summerton, Clarendon County, SC

   Francis Marion Symposium III Draws People from as Far Away as Massachusetts
   By Sandi Chaney, The Item

         It is often true that people who live in Paris have never been in the Eiffel Tower and New York City residents have not visited the Statue of Liberty.  Tourists and visitors, however, frequently make those two destinations their first priority.

        So it seems to be with many local residents and the Francis Marion legacy here in Clarendon County.  Many people in the county, or even in the state, do not realize the importance that Marion, also known as the Swamp Fox, had during our fight to gain our independence from England or, in the larger sense, the important role that South Carolina played during the Revolutionary War struggle. 

         The third annual Francis Marion Symposium was held March 11-12, and people came from MA, PA, NC, GA as well as from Clarendon County and all over SC, to attend the two-day event. 

         Karen MacNutt came from Massachusetts for the second year in a row to learn about Francis Marion and area history.  “I have been a big Revolutionary War fan, in particular a fan of the Southern campaign, and in particular a fan of Francis Marion for more years than I can remember,” she said, “probably from the time that Walt Disney created the “Swamp Fox” television productions with Leslie Nielsen.   But I quickly realized the man (Marion) was much more complex, much more interesting than he's ever been portrayed in fiction.   I've read a lot of biographies, and many people who were in the army during the Revolutionary War were pretty shallow.  But some are real patriots and have quite a depth.  I think Marion felt the cause passionately.”

      County newcomers Tom and Sue Czerwinski enjoyed the entire event.  Tom was particularly impressed with the quality of the presenters and the obvious, sometimes emotional, connection many of the attendees have with Francis Marion and the entire Revolutionary War experience.


      “These people (presenters) are real historians, probing primary sources of information,” said Tom, who has had a longtime professional and personal interest in military history.  “So many have gone into original journals and documents to get their information.  And the more you read, the more you understand that this is a fascinating story of very complex people, and from a military point of view, it has been underestimated and unappreciated.”

      Sue agreed, emphasizing also the eloquence of the presenters that made all their knowledge even more interesting to the audience.   And that audience, she said, was so diverse it made the event even better than she had expected.  Mark Davis, lead park ranger at the Fort Moultrie National Monument, mentioned the multi-faceted group as well, saying it was educational just to meet the various attendees with their diverse backgrounds and reasons for coming.

      Symposium organizers always hope there will be something for everyone, and they seem to have succeeded again this year.

  The musical performance by drummer Ray Moran and fifers Garland Hart and Dan Culpepper was a big hit at Friday's reception at the historic Land Law Office building.  The three gave a sample of the musical commands and camp duty tunes, like “reveille,” “assembly,” and “inspection,” that were used at that time since, as nine-year-old attendee Trevor Tollison said, “they didn't have walkie-talkies back then.”  A look around the room found many toes tapping as the trio played a concert of marches of the era. 

     Everyone enjoyed the Saturday evening dinner theater, with Dr. Joseph Stukes portraying the first governor of South Carolina, John Rutledge.“I've seen Joe several times before, portraying other people, and he's always excellent,” said organizer George Summers, “but this was absolutely the best I've ever seen him.  He crammed so much history into his presentation, and he made it enjoyable.”


       Rep. James E. Clyburn, from South Carolina's 6th District, came to the event to announce that, after three years of effort, Clarendon County has been included in a bill designed to authorize a study to determine the feasibility of establishing a Revolutionary Heritage area in South Carolina.  That bill is scheduled to come up soon for debate and possible vote.

     Many people spent time at the display table of Revolutionary War weaponry, most crafted by local residents Al Hausfeld and Dickie Felder.  The rifles, close to five feet tall and weighing more than 10 pounds, are made from beautifully grained wood and brass or silver decorative pieces.   The walls were filled with images from the South Carolina Historical Society's collection of items pertaining to Francis Marion and this area, brought to the event by Mike Coker.  There were posters, notecards, crafts, and many other items on display and available for purchase. 

      MacNutt believes there are some valuable life lessons to be learned from studying Marion's life and times – lessons that transcend the man himself.  “They had nothing, really,” she said.  “Everybody was surrendering, but he didn't do that.  He kept going, and by the force of his own character, he kept things together.  It's a lesson we can all learn, that if something is worth having, it requires you to fight hard for it.  The fact that you don't have everything you need or you don't have the best of everything just means you have to be smarter than the next guy.  And if you have that force of character, that force of will, the commitment, and a belief in something bigger than yourself, you will have the advantage.”
        “People have to have a feeling for their history or they lose it,” said MacNutt.  “They lose a sense of who they are and why they're here.”

        Tom Czerwinski calls the Revolutionary War history in this area “part of the heartstrings of South Carolina.”   This heritage is empowering, he believes, both to South Carolina's standing among the other 49 states and, on a more personal level, to South Carolinians’ pride and self-esteem.

Questions:  Francis Marion Symposium
        PO Box 667         Manning, SC 29102
803-478-2645 Or  E-mail 

Francis Marion Symposium  PO Box 667, Manning, SC 29102
803-478-2645 / FAX: 803-478-2645 

Visit the Swamp Fox Murals Trail. ©2002

Gen. Francis Marion played a major role in the American Revolution.
Many of these engagements took place in the Clarendon County area.
According to Professor Henry Lumpkin about a third of all battles were fought in S.C.
and Marion had a hand in roughly a third of those. 
 During this symposium we want to explore the man, 
the tactics and the effect he had on the overall war effort.

 Visit the Swamp Fox Murals Trail. ©2002   Turbeville, Manning, Paxville, Summerton
              Francis Marion Symposiums: I (2003), II (2004), III (2005), IV (2006), V (2007), VI (2008) & 2010, 2011, 2012: 

Videos or DVDs Available:  $15 for 1 year or 2 years for $25:

Call 803-478-2645 or email: 

 Rev. Encampment & Living History February annually:
"Celebrate Gen. Francis Marion Memorial Day" in Summerton, SC.
Symposium and Encampment featured in SCIWay, South Carolina Information Highway.
Coverage of the Francis Marion Symposium appears in "Smoke & Fire News",
July 2003 & 2005: & annual announcements
and "Carologue", Fall 2003, Publication of SC Historical Society

       Mail to:  Francis Marion Symposium, C. Hester
                     PO Box 667         Manning, SC 29102

    Questions call: 803-478-2645   or E-mail
  Book your own room and advise motel you are attending symposium for the special rates. 
  Transportation and accommodations:  responsibility of attendee.  
   * Schedule subject to change.
  Remember you’re in the backcountry with the militia, so be comfortable.
     Symposium Site:  FE DuBose Campus of  Central Carolina Technical College, I-95, Exit 122, ½ mi E on US 521, Manning, SC.
  For a view of Swamp Fox murals: or Francis Marion history in Clarendon County, SC: 

Dear Sir/Madam:                                                               The swamps and black waters of the Carolinas

I am honored to have been invited to make another special guest appearance in October, back in the region of my campaigns along the Santee River, during our struggle for independence.  However, my rheumatism, lumbago, and decrepitude have set in and my legs are not what they used to be, but I can still get around those swampy flatlands of Clarendon County better than most.  In fact, there are shortcuts, paths, and hollow logs that General Greene, Peter Horry and I still share as I ride Ball.
Not only will you see some of the prettiest back country you can imagine, I asked
Charles Cotesworth Pinckney (Honorable JT Stukes) to share our tactics used to out fox one of the world’s greatest military forces of the era.   Believe it or not, there are many educated men and women, including those to be determined, who have studied my life and some have written books about my contributions and our militiamen efforts in the Revolutionary War.  They will make known their thoughts and ideas. Another new experience this year is to visit in person the Black River to imagine riding in the backcountry and swamps.

So, saddle your horse, dust off that old musket, and meet me in Clarendon County for a truly remarkable look at the Revolutionary War through my eyes.

With esteem and affection I am, Your obedient servant.
General Francis Marion, Esq.
The Swamp Fox

Symposiums Hosted by Swamp Fox Murals Trail Society Questions call:  803-478-2645
or E-mail:

Check out:  South Carolina's Front Door Website: SCIway - The South Carolina Information Highway

Visit Revolutionary War History with Francis Marion
or Clarendon Murals or Swamp Fox Murals Trail

Site maintained by Francis Marion Symposium Webmaster